Argentina 1945 Letter send from Orcadas del Sur Islands to Buenos Aires
Argentina - 5.02.1945 - Letter send from the Orcadas del Sur (Argentina Antartic Base) to Lanus,Pcia.de Buenos Aires - Postal History - Polar Cover - Postmark received in Lanus in the back of the Cover. BASE ORCADAS is an Argentine scientific station in ... Read More
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Item DescriptionArgentina - 5.02.1945 - Letter send from the Orcadas del Sur (Argentina Antartic Base) to Lanus,Pcia.de Buenos Aires - Postal History - Polar Cover - Postmark received in Lanus in the back of the Cover.
BASE ORCADAS is an Argentine scientific station in Antarctica, and the oldest of the stations in Antarctica still in operation. It is located on Laurie Island, one of the South Orkney Islands (spanish: _Islas Orcadas del Sur_), at 4 meters (13.1 ft) above sea level and 170 meters (558 ft) from the coastline. Established by the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition in 1903 and transferred to the Argentine government in 1904, the base has been permanently populated since, being one of six Argentine permanent bases in Argentina's claim to Antarctica, and the first permanently inhabited base in Antarctica.
The nearest port is the Argentine city of Ushuaia, which is 1,502 km (933 mi) away. The base has 11 buildings and four main topics of research: continental glaciology, seismology, sea-ice-zone glaciology (since 1985) and meteorological observations (since 1903).
Orcadas was the only station on the islands for 40 years until the British established a small summer base, Cape Geddes Station in Laurie Island in 1946, replaced by Signy Research Station in Signy Island in 1947. It also had the first radiotelegraph in the continent in 1927. The 11 buildings of the station house up to 45 people during the summer, and an average of 14 during winter.
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