Russia 2020 P.C.History of Russian Army, Butakov,Military leader,Naval Commander
No. 354 / env. Russia 2020 Series "History of the Armed Forces of Russia". 200th anniversary of the birth of G.I. Butakov (1820-1882), military leader, naval commander Grigory Ivanovich Butakov (1820–1882) - Russian naval leader, naval commander, adjutan ... Read More
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Item DescriptionNo. 354 / env. Russia 2020 Series "History of the Armed Forces of Russia".
200th anniversary of the birth of G.I. Butakov (1820-1882),
military leader, naval commander
Grigory Ivanovich Butakov (1820–1882) - Russian naval leader, naval commander, adjutant general, admiral, founder of the tactics of the steam armored fleet, explorer of the Black Sea. Born in Riga in the family of a 1st rank captain. He studied at the naval cadet corps in St. Petersburg, was released as a warrant officer in 1838 with an appointment to the battleship "Silistria". In the 1838-1850s. sailed in the Aegean, Mediterranean, Black Seas; was engaged in the study of the Russian and Turkish shores of the Black Sea. During the Crimean War in 1853, commanding the steam-frigate "Vladimir", he took the Turkish steamer "Pervaz-Bakhri", and during the siege of Sevastopol carried out the most active service.
In 1855, Butakov was appointed chief of staff in Nikolaev, in 1856 - head of the naval unit in Nikolaev and the military governor of Nikolaev and Sevastopol. In 1860 he was transferred to the Baltic Sea as the head of a propeller-driven ship detachment. This gave him the opportunity to continue researching the properties of propeller driven ships and to compose his work "Steamship evolutions".
From 1860, almost until the end of his service, G.I. Butakov was in the Baltic Fleet, where he first commanded a squadron of propeller-driven ships, then a squadron of propeller-driven boats and a squadron of armored ships. In 1881, he was appointed chief commander of the St. Petersburg port, and after the abolition of this position, he was a member of the State Council.
Butakov napisal ryad statey v «Morskom sbornike», «Svod morskikh voyennykh signalov» i «Knigi evolyutsionnykh signalov». Glavnyy trud yego «Novyye osnovaniya parokhodnoy taktiki» udostoyen Akademiyey nauk Demidovskoy premii. Nagrazhdon ordenami Sv. Aleksandra Nevskogo, Belogo Orla, Sv. Anny 1 stepeni, Sv. Vladimira 3 stepeni, Sv. Georgiya 4 stepeni, Sv. Stanislava 3 stepeni, zolotym oruzhiyem.
Na original'noy marke predstavleny obrazy voinov Rossii raznykh epokh; na osnovnom izobrazhenii &mdash portret G.I. Butakova i parokhodofregat «Vladimir».
Butakov wrote a number of articles in the Marine Collection, the Code of Naval Military Signals and the Book of Evolutionary Signals. His main work "New Foundations of Steamship Tactics" was awarded the Demidov Prize by the Academy of Sciences. He was awarded the orders of St. Alexander Nevsky, White Eagle, St. Anna 1st degree, St. Vladimir 3rd degree, St. George 4th degree, St. Stanislav 3rd degree, golden weapons.
The original stamp features images of Russian soldiers from different eras; the main image shows a portrait of G.I. Butakov and the steam-frigate Vladimir.
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