South Orkney Islands (Argentina) 1944 Letter send to Bs.As.Polar Cover
South Orkney Islands (Argentina) - 19.02.1944 - Letter send to Buenos Aires To Mr.Enrique Scloss and received on March 10 1944 - Postal History of the Antartic Argentine - Polar Cover BASE ORCADAS is an Argentine scientific station in Antarctica, and the ... Read More
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Item DescriptionSouth Orkney Islands (Argentina) - 19.02.1944 - Letter send to Buenos Aires To Mr.Enrique Scloss and received on March 10 1944 - Postal History of the Antartic Argentine - Polar Cover
BASE ORCADAS is an Argentine scientific station in Antarctica, and the oldest of the stations in Antarctica still in operation. It is located on Laurie Island, one of the South Orkney Islands (spanish: _Islas Orcadas del Sur_), at 4 meters (13.1 ft) above sea level and 170 meters (558 ft) from the coastline. Established by the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition in 1903 and transferred to the Argentine government in 1904, the base has been permanently populated since, being one of six Argentine permanent bases in Argentina's claim to Antarctica, and the first permanently inhabited base in Antarctica.
The nearest port is the Argentine city of Ushuaia, which is 1,502 km (933 mi) away. The base has 11 buildings and four main topics of research: continental glaciology, seismology, sea-ice-zone glaciology (since 1985) and meteorological observations (since 1903).
Orcadas was the only station on the islands for 40 years until the British established a small summer base, Cape Geddes Station in Laurie Island in 1946, replaced by Signy Research Station in Signy Island in 1947. It also had the first radiotelegraph in the continent in 1927. The 11 buildings of the station house up to 45 people during the summer, and an average of 14 during winter.
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